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Phrasal verbs are combinations of ordinary verbs like hold, break, put, take, come, and go with adverbs and prepositions like off, on, in, out.

Look out => be careful

When we look out or look out for something, we remain alert for someone or something that is dangerous or important.
Look out for tiger when you camp in the forest.
Look out! There’s a bus coming


Hold on => wait / stop

When we hold on or hold on to people or something, you hold it tightly to protect or prevent.
Can you hold on a moment, please?
Hold on the bus now.


Take off => leave the ground. (for planes)

When an airplane leaves the ground and flies up into the air, it takes off.
The aeroplane took off 30 minutes late.
The take off was delayed because of the snow & raining.
Put on your seat belt; we’re taking off rightnow

When a business or other organized activity becomes very successful, it takes off.
The new restaurant’s business is taking off because it got a good review in the newspaper.
If this business takes off, we could make a lot of money.

However, when a pronoun is used instead of a noun, the pronoun must be placed between the verb and the particle:
I took them off.
I took off them
Take off your shoes.

When you remove something from a surface, you take it off
I took the book off the table.

When you take time off from work or study, you do something different, in stead of working or studying.
I can not work tomorrow. I have to take the day off for some tests at the hospital.
Our company always lets us take the week between Christmas and New Year’s Day off.
When you leave suddenly or quickly, you take off.
This party’s boring --- let’s take off


Wake up => stop sleeping

When we stop sleeping, we wake up, When we cause others to stop sleeping, we wake them up.
I often wake up in the middle of the night.
I woke him up at 6.30.


Get up => get out of bed

When we or someone leave or move from the current place, we get up or someone gets up.
What time do you usually get up in the morning?
He does not usually gets up until 10:00am on weekends.


Grow up => become an adult

What does your son want to do when he grows up?

Wash up => wash the dishes, plates etc. after a meal

After we finished eating, we washed up.

Break down => stop working

I’m sorry I’m late. The car broke down.

A phrasal verb is verb (go/look/be et.) in/out/on etc.

... in
  • I waited outsite the house. I did not go in.
  • He opened the door and walked in.
... out
  • The car stopped and a woman got out.
  • I went to the window and looked out
... on
  • The bus arrived and I got on.
... off
  • Be careful! Do not fall off.
... up
  • He stood up and left the room
  • Prices usually go up
  • I looked up at the stars
... away
  • The thief ran out of the shop and ran away
  • The woman got into the car and drove go away
... round
  • Somebody shouted, so I looked round
  • We went for a long walk. After four miles we turned round and went back
... over
  • The wall was not high, so we climbed over
  • I fell over because my shoes were too big for me

Sometimes a phrasal verb (turn off/put on etc.).
turn offthe light
put onyour shoes
ring upmy friend
but it/them/me/us/you/him/her (pronouns) always go before off/on/up etc.
turn it off
put them on
ring her up


Fill in the blanks choosing the phrasal verbs given in the list :

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