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PARTICIPLES IN ENGLISH

Participles are adjectives. Three are three kinds of participles.

  • Present Participle - Ending with “ing” (Verb + ing)
  • Past Participle - Ending with (ed, -d, t, en, -n)
  • Perfect Participle - (having + Past Participle)

Examples of Present Participle :

running water, a sleeping child, a burning building, a dying soldier, smiling women, the coming months, the following chapter, growing childred.

Type-1 :

a) Sentences (Active Voice) not containing “that, which, who”.,

  • The hunter saw the bird. He shot it.
    Seeing the bird, the hunter shot it. (Present Participle)
  • I saw my father. I ran to meet him.
    Seeing my father. I ran to meet him. (Present Participle)
  • The bell rang, the boys ran out.
    The bell ringing, the boys ran out.

b) Sentences (Passive Voice) not containing “that, which, who”.,

  • He was hit on the head. He was taken to the doctor.
    Having been hit on the head, he was taken to the doctor. (Perfect Participle)
  • The problem was explained. We understood it clearly.
    The problem havingbeen explained, we understood it clearly. (Perfect Participle)

Type-2 :

Sentences containing “that, which, who”.

  • A chile cries. It needs milk.
    A crying child needs milk. (Present Participle)
  • You must not get down from a bus. It is running.
    You must not get down from a running bus. I ran to meet him. (Present Participle)
  • They found the treasure. It was hidden.
    They found the hidden treasure. (Past Participle)
  • He is the boy. He creates problems in the class.
    He is the boy creating problems in the class. (Present Participle)
  • A child is wounded. It needs attention.
    A wounded child needs attention. (Past Participle)
  • We did not buy the toy. It was broken.
    We did not buy the broken toy. (Past Participle)
  • Dogs bark. They seldom bite.
    Barking dogs seldom bits. (Present Participle)

 

Join each of the following pairs of sentences using participles :

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