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Indirect Speech :

Reporting of what a speaker said without quoting his exact words is called ‘Indirect Speech’.

John said that he was writing a letter then.

Rules For changing Indirect Speech into Direct Speech.

To change from Indirect to Direct Speech, keep in mind all the rules of the Direct Speech in the reverse order.

  • Use the reporting verb, "say" or "said to" in its correct tense.
  • Remove the conjuctions "that, to, if or whether etc". wherever necessary.
  • Insert quotation marks, question mark, exclamation and fullstop, wherever necessary.
  • Put a comma before the statement.
  • Write the first word of the statement with capital letter.
  • Change the past tense into present tense wherever the repoting verb is in the past tense.
  • Convert the past perfect either into past tense or present perfect as found necessary.
  • Be careful about the order of words in the question.
  • The following column will enable the students to find the kind of sentence.

Indirect (Conjunction)-Direct (Kind of Sentence)
that-Statement (or) Exclamatory sentence
to, not to-Imperative
requested + to-Begin the imperative sentence with "please"
if or whether-Interrogative sentence (Helping Verb + Subject + Main Verb + ...?)
What, When, How etc.,-(Wh or How + Helping Verb + Subject + Main Verb + ...?)


1. Statements:

  • I told my mother that I wanted coffee then. (I.S.)
    I said to my mother, “I want coffee now”. (D.S.)

  • Yobu told Lazar that he was lying. (I.S.)
    Yobu said to Lazar, “You are lying”. (D.S.)

2. Interrogative Sentences:

  • I asked my sister what she was doing then. (I.S.)
    I said my sister, “What are you doing now?”. (D.S.)

  • The teacher asked the boy why he was late. (I.S.)
    The teacher said to the boy, “Why are you late?”. (D.S.)

  • Johncy asked Rosy if she had done the problem the day before. (I.S.)
    Johncy said to Rosy, “Did you do the problem yesterday?”. (D.S.)

3. Imperative Sentences:

  • She requested me to lend her my Atlas. (I.S.)
    She asked to me, “Please lend me your Atlas”. (D.S.)

  • The conductor told the man to give the old lady his seat. (I.S.)
    The conductor said to the man, “Give the old lady your seat”. (D.S.)

4. Exclamatory Sentences:

  • He exclaimed that it was a very strange idea. (I.S.)
    He said, “What a strange idea!”. (D.S.)

  • She exclaimed that the house was very lovely. (I.S.)
    She said, “How lovely the house is!”. (D.S.)


Change the following into Direct Speech :

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